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Website Hosting

As its name implies, hosting is a service, which entails hosting online content. There are different varieties and types of hosting, based on the aims and on the functions. In spite of that, they all are related to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible throughout the Web. A host is actually a hosting server that is connected to the Web and has its own personal Internet Protocol address, which enables users to have access to it via the Web. The web hosting server's configuration and its resources depend on the sort of web hosting solution it will be utilized for.

What are the various types of hosting?

Based on the application, the web hosting service may be:

File Web Hosting - this type of web hosting allows the users to deposit their files on a given web server. With the conventional file web hosting service, the files that are stashed may only be accessed by the customer that's utilizing the service. This hosting solution usually is related to backups of personal computers , documents, private files and even other servers. This service may also have given limitations with regard to the disk space and the root access. There may also be traffic quota limits, but that is dependent on the given service provider.

Warez Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting solution is resembling the previous web hosting service form. In spite of that, unlike the file web hosting solution, the warez hosting solution is utilized for distributing proprietary materials without the blessing of the license proprietor. To put it briefly - it pertains to the illegal dissemination of files and materials. There are numerous ways for this to be achieved, but the two chief ways are - through simple Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first way involves either some website, or, most typically, simply a directory on a web server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download patented documents free of charge. The second way involves a P2P connection, utilizing the so-called Torrent web servers, via which users transmit files between each other. There are just a few hosting distributors that allow that form of web hosting on their web hosting servers, mainly because of all the legal complications that it involves. Generally such websites are hosted on personal dedicated hosting servers that are registered by third-party companies either in the Middle East or in Asia.

Electronic Mail Web Hosting - this service is applicable with both shared website hosting and dedicated web hosting, based on the client's desire. If you want to run your very own private SMTP e-mail server, then you will require either a virtual private web server or a dedicated server that provides the access level needed to carry out such an assignment. For normal electronic mail web hosting purposes, though, you can open an ordinary shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the mail exchanger records of your domain. This is not a service that's widely famous, because the website hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by 2 different servers, usually owned by separate web hosting providers.

Site Hosting - the most popular and broadly used hosting service now. It's used for hosting site files, whose kind is determined by the Operating System the web hosting server is availing of - Linux or Windows. Different types of files request different web server OSs, or else they won't be displayed properly on the Web. This sort of hosting may involve disk storage and bandwidth limits, server root access and central processing unit usage restrictions.

Based on the mission and on the usage, the client should select the sort of server that he needs for his work, and, of course, the hosting vendor that's going to furnish it. There are several sorts of web servers, depending on the specs and the web hosting services that they offer. These are:

Shared Website Hosting Servers - a shared web page hosting server includes a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, reflects on the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small size and middle scale sites, which do not require enormous quantities of server storage and traffic.

Semi-dedicated Servers - they are based on the very same principle as the shared web servers. Yet, there are much fewer customers sharing the same hosting server. That is why, each of them will enjoy a greater share of the server's resources like RAM, disk storage space, bandwidth and CPU. Excellent for hosting heavy web sites that do not demand root access.

Virtual Private Servers - the virtual private web servers are perfect for medium size web sites, which do demand root access to the web server's config files. Normally, there are a number of private virtual web server accounts situated on the same physical server. Nevertheless, each of them is independent from the others and has its own Operating System.

Dedicated Servers - a fully dedicated hosting server configured and accessed by you and only you. It ensures a huge quantity of resources. It also provides complete root access, which makes it an ideal platform for any type of website that demands a hosting solution.

The only question that remains is:

Which web hosting company should I choose?

As already mentioned, there are just a few web hosting providers offering warez web hosting solutions because of judicial troubles. Such hosts are being shut down almost every month. That is why, if you want to provide such a service, you should do it on your very own PC. The shared webspace hosting solution is the most widely spread kind of web hosting service. For that reason, each and every site hosting firm offers it. Not all of them, though, provide services such as virtual private hosting servers, semi-dedicated web hosting servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small sized web space hosting distributors do not have the resources needed for maintaining those services. Hence it's invariably best to choose a bigger host that can supply its clients with all the services that they are searching for. You can easily identify such hosting companies by the kinds of solutions that they are making available and by the manner in which they introduce them to the customers. For instance, some companies permit you to begin with a smaller web space hosting package and afterwards shift to a more powerful one, if you find it necessary to do so. This is extremely convenient, because you do not need to move sites between hosting servers and there is no risk of facing outages because of all the predicaments that may crop up. Hosting providers like 'FreeHostia' provide all kinds of solutions and have the necessary hosting server resources and staff to guarantee that their clients will not chance upon any complications when changing services, which is what a top hosting company is actually all about.